Organic Farming and Organic Food

Organic Farming and Organic Food

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Organic Farming is a technique farmers and producers use to cultivate the land through a sustainable process, including using natural resources like water, air, and soil. The method uses synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which are directly incorporated into the earth. Such synthetic chemicals are not used to improve crop production – it is adapted to enhance the quality of soil fertility, which leads to a healthy and quality agricultural output.

Considering that it improves soil fertility and thereby prevents soil pollution, the possibility of using the same patch of land for other agricultural purposes is feasible. The process further reduce deforestation caused by other agricultural practices, leading to a balanced crop yield and saving the environment. Moreover, as prices of organic by-products are high, it can also provide a considerable profit margin to the farmers.

Consequently, organic farming is one of the best farming methods to lessen soil erosion, conserve water, reduce air pollution, improve soil fertility, and minimize the usage of toxic chemicals and artificial ingredients in food products.

Organic Food and Farming Overview

The global organic farming market size reached USD52 million in 2020 and is expected to rise at USD82 million with a CAGR of 5.9% by 2027.

Accordingly, organic produce is anticipated to increase its dollar sales growth at around 5% to 10% in 2022, while it is anticipated to reach USD849.7 billion with a CAGR of 16.42% by 2028. Comparingly, this year’s third quarter has generated a total organic sale of 3.4% increase from 2020’s third quarter. Around 85% of organic produce like apples, berries, and packaged salads have added to the increase in organic sales.

Considering the demands of natural and organic goods during the pandemic, the food and beverage industry reached more than 70% of its total sales in 2021. The volume is anticipated to grow at USD200 billion by 2022, considering a 10-20% increase in prices from that of conventional foods.

Organic fruits and vegetables contain 20% – 40% more antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and other micro-nutrient compared to foods from conventional farms. Organic milk and meat, on the other hand, contain 50% more omega-3 fatty acids.

Organic Farming in the US

Organic farming is increasing every year and becoming a relevant part of the food and agriculture industry. In the United States alone, organic farming acres were at 8.8 million in 2020 and increased in 2021 at 9.3 million acres. It is anticipated that if the number continues to grow with its operations, harvest, and yields, the US is likely to have the highest return on record, considering an increase of 5% of total organic acres harvested from 2020.

The largest harvest comes from pulses like organic dry beans and lentils from Montana. Corn, wheat, and soybeans are also likely to increase this season, looking back from its yield history. Organic corn is consistent in providing an almost 4% increase of harvested acres yearly, while organic wheat is at 6.5% increase/year, and organic soybeans at 10% or more increase/year. In contrast, organic tobacco is the only field crop that decreased harvested acres by 11%.

California tops the organic crop production in the US by having an increase of 5% year-over-year. The total organic harvested area is presumptive to close at 2.5 million acres accounting for more than 25% of the region’s total organic acres. Wisconsin, on the other hand, is seen to have a decrease in production due to lesser organic corn acres.

Organic Farming in Europe

The impact of the pandemic in the organic sector has experienced increased growth worldwide. In Europe, the organic market has increased by 8%, with a value of EUR45 billion during the onset of the pandemic. Researchers are eyeing a 25% increase in organic land by 2030. To achieve this, Europe has set a new organic regulation by 2022.

The regulation acts on processing controls, production rules, and marketing systems. Legislation on international trade and exports is also under discussion according to the EU Commission. The change will also require producers to use organic cleaning and disinfection products by 2024. Innovations are also under research and development for organic and plastic-free packaging to ensure products are in line with organic principles and environmental health.

 

 

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Certificates & Standards

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Non Organic

 Synthetic chemicals are used on the crop or product to boost its growth.

EU Organic

Providing a clear structure for the production of organic goods across the whole of the EU

ISTA

Setting the standard for optimizing packages that are survivable, sustainable, and successful.

BRC

Requiring food processors to follow to build an effective food safety management system.

GFSI

Procedure by which a food safety-related scheme is compared to the GFSI Guidance Document

HACCP

Protecting food from biological, chemical and physical hazards during production

ISO

Standard aids for the creation of products that are safe, reliable, and of good quality.

Gluten Free

Food that is processed to remove gluten and use of ingredients with less than 20 ppm of gluten.

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